William Lockhart Garwood

Portrait of William Lockhart Garwood Headstone Photograph

Full Name: William Lockhart Garwood
Location: Section:Statesman's Meadow, Section 1 (E)
Row:D  Number:38
Reason for Eligibility: Justice, Supreme Court of Texas; Justice, United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit 
Birth Date: October 29, 1931 
Died: July 14, 2011 
Burial Date: July 18, 2011 

GARWOOD, WILLIAM LOCKHART (1931 ~ 2011). The following is an obituary for Judge William Lockhart Garwood. The obituary was published in the July 18, 2011 edition of the Austin American Statesman.

Judge William Lockhart Garwood Judge William Lockhart Garwood, 79, of Austin, Texas, died Thursday, July 14, 2011. The son of W. St. John and Ellen Clayton Garwood, he was born in Houston, Texas, on October 29, 1931. He was a graduate of Middlesex School, Concorde Massachusetts, and Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, class of 1952.

He received his LLB with Honors from the University of TexasSchool of Law in 1955, where he ranked first in his class all three years while still enjoying a regular beer at Sholtz's. His law school honorary memberships included Order of the Coif, Chancellors (Grand Chancellor), Texas Law Review (Associate Editor), and Phi Delta Phi (legal fraternity). He was admitted to the Texas State Bar in 1955 and after graduation served as law clerk to Judge John Brown of the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. When his clerkship ended in 1956, Will served three years in the Judge Advocate General Corps in the Pentagon defense appellate division. In 1955 Judge Garwood married Merle Haffler of Lexington, Kentucky. Their's was a loving marriage of 55 years.

He returned to Texas in 1959 and joined the firm of Graves, Dougherty & Gee in Austin, later known as Graves, Dougherty, Hearon, Moody and Garwood. Will's father, Judge W. St. John Garwood, had recently retired from the Texas Supreme Court and joined the firm in an "of counsel" role. Given the opportunity to practice with his father, he was persuaded to join the firm as an associate; he spent the next twenty years in the general practice of law. In 1979, he was appointed by Governor Clements to the Texas Supreme Court. Will was the first Republican since reconstruction to serve on the Texas Supreme Court; he was also the only son of a former Justice to serve on the Texas Supreme Court. In 1981, he was appointed by President Reagan to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, where he served for 30 years from 1981 to present. From 1994 to 2001, he served on the advisory committee on Appellate Rules, Judicial Conference of the United States, serving as Chairman from 1997-2001. He continued to work until he died, even making plans for his next court appearance from his hospital bed.

Judge Garwood leaves behind a legacy as one of the outstanding and distinguished jurists of our time. His decisions were marked by their scholarship, intellect, and attention to detail. Two of his opinions in particular stand out for their singular importance in our constitutional law. In United States v. Lopez (1993) Judge Garwood held the Gun Free School Zones Act invalid as beyond the power of Congress under the Commerce Clause. The Court's opinion was then affirmed by the U S Supreme Court in an opinion by Justice Rehnquist, which adopted Judge Garwood's approach to indiscriminant Congressional reliance on the Commerce Clause as a basis for legislation. In United States v. Emerson (2001) he wrote that the Second Amendment protects individuals in their right to bear arms, subject to reasonable restrictions, and those rights are not limited to the militia. In his long career as a Judge his intellectual and personal qualities were combined with an unwavering dedication to constitutional principles and the Rule of Law.

Among numerous professional affiliations, he was a member of the American Judicature Society, the Robert W. Calvert American Inn of Court, and the Federalist Society, and a Life Member of the American Law Institute and Life Fellow of the Texas Bar Foundation. In June of this year, the Texas Center for Legal Ethics presented Will with the Chief Justice Pope Professionalism Award which exemplifies the highest standard of professional ethics. In 2004 the Fifth Circuit Judicial Conference in Austin was dedicated to him. Other honors and awards include the Leon Green Award and the Travis County Bar Association Distinguished Lawyer Award. The University of Texas Law School holds the Judge William L. Garwood Endowed Presidential Scholarship in Law. Throughout his life, Will was actively involved in numerous social and civic organizations. He served as the head of the Austin Committee for Fair Housing in the late 1960s. He was Director and past President of Child and Family Service of Austin, and Trustee and past President of St Andrew's Episcopal School. He served on the Community Council of Austin and Travis County, the United Fund of Austin and Travis County, the Human Opportunities Corporation of Austin and Travis County, the Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center of Austin and Travis County, the Austin Town and Gown, and the Salvation Army of Austin, where he served from 1972 until his death (receiving a Lifetime Achievement Award). He was a member of Phi Delta Theta Fraternity and of Good Shepherd Episcopal Church.

He was preceded in death by his parents, his brother St. John Garwood, Jr., and his two nephews. He is survived by his loving wife Merle, his son Will Garwood, Jr. and daughter-in-law Debbie, his daughter Mary Garwood Yancy and son-in-law Howard Yancy, his grandchildren Will Garwood, III, Laura Garwood Rozelle and husband Irby Rozelle, Max Yancy, Elliott Yancy, Meghan Yancy and Cameron Yancy. He is also survived by his niece Susan Garwood, her husband George Peterkin III, their children John and Kate Peterkin.

A visitation and reception will be held on Monday, July 18, 2011 from 6:00 until 8:00 p.m., at Weed-Corley-Fish Funeral Home. Private graveside services will be held at the Texas State Cemetery. A memorial service will be held at 1:00 p.m., on Friday, July 29th at the Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd, 3201 Windsor Rd., Austin, TX . A gentleman, an outstanding intellect but down-to-earth and kind to the core, a devoted and loving family man, Judge Garwood will be sorely missed by his family, friends and colleagues in Austin, Houston, New Orleans and around the country. In lieu of flowers, contributions in Judge Garwood's memory may be made to the Salvation Army, P.O. Box 1000, Austin, Texas, 78767. Obituary and memorial guestbook available online at www.wcfish.com

Further information is available through the Cemetery research department.

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