John Edward Hickman

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John Edward Hickman
Born, Liberty Hill, Texas
March 28, 1883
Died, Austin, Texas
April 26, 1962

Cheif Justice
The Supreme Court of Texas
1948 - 1961

Lena Pettit Hickman
Born, Waxahachie, Texas
March 12, 1894
Died, Austin, Texas
August 14, 1994

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John Edward Hickman
Appellate Courts of Texas
1927 - 1961
Chairman, Conference of Chief Justices
1952 - 1953
Trustee, Southern Methodist University
1921 - 1962
Steward and Teacher of Men's Bible Classes, Methodist Church
1911 - 1962

Lena Pettit Hickman
A Saint In Her Church; A Friend To Those Who Needed Friendship;
A Loving Wife To A Loving Husband; A Delight To Those Who Knew Her.
Full Name: John Edward Hickman
Location: Section:Republic Hill, Section 2 (C2)
Row:L  Number:12
Reason for Eligibility: Associate and Chief Justice, Eleventh Court of Civil Appeals; Member, Commission of Appeals; Associate and Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Texas 
Birth Date: March 8, 1883 
Died: April 26, 1962 
Burial Date: April 29, 1962 

HICKMAN, JOHN EDWARD (1883-1962). John Edward Hickman, chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court from 1948 to 1961, was born at Liberty Hill, Williamson County, Texas, on March 28, 1883, the son of Nathaniel Franklin and Mary J. (Porterfield) Hickman. By 1902 he had graduated from Liberty Hill Normal and Business College and taught briefly at a rural school at Hog Mountain in Bell County. Following summer study at Southwestern University, he attended the University of Texas from 1904 to 1906. After serving as principal and baseball coach at Lampasas High School, he entered the law department of the University of Texas. He graduated in 1910 and became quizmaster for the class of 1911. He practiced law briefly in Austin and then in Dublin, Texas. His wife, Ethel (Markward), died in 1921, and in 1923 he married Lena Pettit.

While practicing law at Breckenridge, Hickman was elected associate justice of the Eleventh Court of Civil Appeals at Eastland; he took office on January 4, 1927. Governor Daniel J. Moody appointed Hickman chief justice of that court on February 4, 1928. In May 1935 Hickman was appointed by the Supreme Court to Section A of the Supreme Court's Commission of Appeals. When the membership of the Supreme Court was increased to nine, Hickman and other commissioners took the oath as associate justices, on September 21, 1945. After the death of the chief justice, Governor Beauford Jester appointed Hickman to that high post, for which he qualified on January 7, 1948. In the general election of that year Hickman was elected, and he was reelected in 1954.

In 1952-53 He became the first Texas jurist to serve as chairman of the National Conference of State Chief Justices. He was awarded the Hatton W. Sumners Award for "outstanding services" by the Southwestern Legal Foundation. He was honored by many organizations and received honorary degrees from Southwestern University and Southern Methodist University; he served the latter school as a trustee after 1921. Hickman was a Methodist and taught a Sunday school class throughout his adult life. Justice Robert Calvert recorded that Hickman inaugurated the practice of full court consideration of application for writ of error so that no litigant rights would be determined by only one "section" of the court. Hickman retired from the court in 1961 and died in Austin on April 26, 1962.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Texas Supreme Court, Memorial Service, Honorable John Edward Hickman, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Texas (Austin, 1962).

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "HICKMAN, JOHN EDWARD," (accessed September 9, 2005).


#8790) Served on the court from 1948-1961.
Entered by Administrator on 2/1/1998 12:11:22 PM

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